Original Paper

UDC 622.271:621.879:658. A.A. Khoreshok, A.V. Katsubin, D.M.Dubinkin, A.V. Koshelev, A.A. Fedotov, 2022

ISSN 0041-5790 (Print) ISSN 2412-8333 (Online) Ugol Russian Coal Journal, 2022, S12, pp. 82-87





Khoreshok A.A.1, Katsubin A.V.1,2, Dubinkin D.M.1, Koshelev A.V.3, Fedotov A.A.3

1Gorbachevs Kuzbass State Technical University, Kemerovo, 650000, Russian Federation

2Mine No. 12 LLC, Kiselevsk, 652718,Russian Federation

3 Vinogradovsky strip mine of the Kuzbass Fuel Company JSC, Karakan village, Belovskiy District, Kemerovo Region, 652673,Russian Federation

Authors Information

Khoreshok A.A., Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Professor, Director of the Mining Institute

Katsubin A.V., Post-graduate student Department of Open Pit Mining, General Director

Dubinkin D.M., PhD (Engineering), Associate Professor Department of Metal-Cutting Machines and Tools

Koshelev A.V.,Professional staff member

Fedotov A.A., Process engineer


Currently, the technology of works at the operating open pits in terms of development of the coal-bearing zone is usually conducted by horizontal layers. As the main excavation and loading equipment are most often used mechanical (rope) shovels and backhoes, less often direct hydraulic shovels. Also, joint work of these machines in any combinations is used. But the justification of the parameters of these complexes both in the projects of coal mining enterprises and in scientific articles is covered insufficiently. This article presents the basic provisions of the methodology for selecting excavation and loading equipment for the development of coal-bearing zones at opencast mines, describes the principles of tools to determine the capacity of the excavator bucket, used for outpacing excavation of coal.


Open-pit mining, Hydraulic shovels, Rope shovels, Coal-bearing zone, Rock and coal panel, Outpacing excavation.


1. Kolesnikov V., Cehlar M. & Tyuleneva E. Overview of excavation and loading operations in the coal-bearing zones at Kuzbass open pit mines. Journal of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering, 2018, Vol. 2, (2). pp. 36-50. DOI: 10.26730/2618-7434-2018-2-36-49.

2. Miliy S. Evaluation of technology for development of inclined and steep coal deposits in Kuzbass. Journal of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering, 2020, Vol. 1, (8), pp. 45-73. DOI 10.26730/2618-7434-2020-1-45-73.

3. Strelnikov A., Markov S., Rattmann L. & Weber D. Theoretical Features of Rope Shovels and Hydraulic Backhoes Using at Open Pit Mines. E3S Web of Conferences, 2018, (41), Article 01003. DOI 10.1051/e3sconf/20184101003.

4. Litvin O., Makarov V., Strelnikov A. & Tyuleneva E. Study of the backhoe's digging modes at rock face working-out. E3S Web of Conferences, 2019, (105), Article 01024. DOI 10.1051/e3sconf/201910501024.

5. Makridin E.V., Tyulenev M.A., Markov S.O. et al. Utilization of overburden rocks to improve the environmental safety of the coal mining region. Gornyj informatsionno-analiticheskij byulleten?, 2020, (12), pp. 89-102. (In Russ.).

6. Kolesnikov V. & Janocko J. On the issue of classification of methods and schemes of quarry fields opening. Journal of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering, 2020, Vol. 2, (9), pp. 42-74. DOI: 10.26730/2618-7434-2020-2-42-74.

7. Hrehova D., Cehlar M., Rybar R. & Mitterpachova N. Mining technology with drilling-blasting operations. 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference and EXPO - Modern Management of Mine Producing, Geology and Environmental Protection, SGEM 2012 1, 675-682.

8. Ozdogan M. & Ozdogan H. Cycle time segments of electric rope shovels a case study. Scientific Mining Journal, 2019, Vol. 58, (1), pp. 73-79. DOI: 10.30797/madencilik.537648.

9. Bumo-Motswaiso K. & Suglo R.S. Economic evaluation of materials handling systems in a deep open pit mine. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 2022, Vol. 13, (1), pp. 37-48

10. Bosikov I., Klyuev R., Tavasiev V. & Gobeev M. Influence of transport and road complex on the natural-technical system. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2020, (918), Article 012223.

11. Markov S., Martyanov V., Preis E. & Abay A. Technogenic Rock Dumps Physical Properties' Prognosis via Results of the Structure Numerical Modeling. E3S Web of Conferences, 2017, (21), Article 01021. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/20172101021.

12. Mitrev R., Janosevic D. & Marinkovic D. Dynamical modelling of hydraulic excavator considered as a multibody system. Tehnicki Vjesnik, 2017, (24), pp. 327-338. DOI: 10.17559/TV-20151215150306.

13. Kluyev R.V., Bosikov I.I. & Youn R.B. Analysis of the functioning of the natural-industrial system of mining and metallurgical complex with the complexity of the geological structure of the deposit. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories, 2016, Vol. 8, (3), pp. 222-230.

14. Hodaverdi T. & Akyildiz O. Investigation of blast fragmentation models in a sandstone quarry. Scientific Mining Journal, 2020, Vol. 59, (3), pp. 145-156. DOI: 10.30797/madencilik.792386.

15. 15. Katsubin A.V., Khoreshok A.A., Tyulenev M.A., Markov S.O. Technology of advance excavation of inclined and steep coal seams using hydraulic backhoes // Gornyj informacionno-analiticeskij bulleten?, 2020, (11), pp. 27-36. (In Russ.). DOI 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-11-0-27-36.

16. Janosevic D., Mitrev R., Andjelkovic B. & Petrov P. Quantitative measures for assessment of the hydraulic excavator digging efficiency. Journal of Zhejiang University: Science A, 2012, Vol. 13, (12), pp. 926-942. DOI 10.46544/AMS.v27i2.02.

17. Loginov E.V. & Tyuleneva T.A. Control of quarry parameters to improve the efficiency of hydraulic backhoes. Ugol, 2021, (12), pp. 6-10. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2021-12-6-10.

18. Nieto A. & Muncher B. An applied economic assessment and value maximisation of a mining operation based on an iterative cut-off grade optimisation algorithm. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 2021, Vol. 12, (4), pp. 309-326.

19. Vanek M., Valverde G.F., Cerny I. & Hudecek V. Coal Handling Operational Risk Management: Stripped Overburden Transport in Brown Coal Open Pit Mines. Acta Montanistica Slovaca, 2020, Vol. 25, (2), pp. 170-181. DOI: 10.46544/AMS.v25i2.4.

20. Kiseleva T.V., Mikhailov V.G. & Mikhailov G.S. Contemporary trends in improvement of organizational-economic mechanism of environmental management. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2017, Vol. 84, (1), Article 012044.

21. Pavlenko M.V., Barnov N.G., Kuziev D.A., Kenzhabaev K.N. & Monzoev M.V. Vibration impact through wells and the technology of degassing of the preparation of low-permeability coal seam. Ugol, 2020, (1), pp. 36-40. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2020-1-36-40.

22. Cehlar M., Janocko J., Simkova Z. & Pavlik T. Assessment process of concept for mining and its impact on the region. E3S Web of Conferences, 2017, (15), Article 01019. DOI 10.1051/e3sconf/20171501019.

23. Bettens S.P., Siegrist P.M. & McAree P.R. How do operators and environment conditions influence the productivity of a large mining excavator? International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 2022, Vol. 13, (1), pp. 18-36. DOI: 10.1504/IJMME.2022.10048881.

24. Volkova O.I., Zolotukhin, N.A., Zolotukhin V.M. & Yazevich M.Y. Influence of Water Treatment Plants on the Ecological Situation in Industrialized Regions. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2020, Vol. 543, (1), Article 012012.

25. Ulewicz R., Krstic B. & Ingaldi M. Mining Industry 4.0 Opportunities and Barriers. Acta Montanistica Slovaca, 2022, Vol. 27, (2), pp. 291-305.

26. Dubinkin D.M. A method to determine the loads acting during loading and dumping of the load platform (box) of a mining dump truck. Gornoe oborudovanie i elektromekhanika, 2022, (3), pp. 31-49. (In Russ.).

27. Markov S.O., Murko E.V. & Nepsha F.S. Grain size distribution of waste rock masses of Kuzbass coal strip mines. Mining Science and Technology, 2021, Vol. 6, (4), pp. 259-266. DOI: 10.17073/2500-0632-2021-4-259-266.

28. Dubinkin D.M. Fundamentals of digital design of autonomous dump trucks. Gornoe oborudovanie i elektromekhanika, 2022, (2), pp. 39-50. (In Russ.).

29. Khoreshok A.A., Dubinkin D.M., Markov S.O. & Tyulenev M.A. On changing effective output of excavators when using mining dump trucks with different box capacity/ Vestnik Kuzbasskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnihceskogo universiteta, 2021, (6), p. 85-93. (In Russ.).

30. Strelnikov A.V. Typical faces passports for the development of coal-bearing zones of Kuzbass quarry fields with backhoes. Part 1. General provisions. Journal of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering, 2019, 3(6):4. DOI: 10.26730/2618-7434-2019-3-4-20.

31. Strelnikov A.V. Typical faces passports for the development of coal-bearing zones of Kuzbass quarry fields with backhoes. Part 2. Passports of excavators faces. Journal of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering, 2019, 4(7):4. DOI: 10.26730/2618-7434-2019-4-4-29.


This work was financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russian Federation under Agreement 075-15-2022-1198 dated 30.09.2022 with the Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University on complex scientific and technical program of full innovation cycle: "Development and implementation of complex technologies in the areas of exploration and extraction of solid minerals, industrial safety, bioremediation, creation of new deep conversion products from coal raw materials while consistently reducing the environmental impact and risks to human life" (the "Clean Coal - Green Kuzbass" Integrated Scientific and Technical Programme of the Full Innovation Cycle) as part of implementing the project "Development and creation of an unmanned shuttle-type mine truck with a payload of 220 tonnes" in terms of research, development and experimental-design work.

For citation

Khoreshok A.A., Katsubin A.V., Dubinkin D.M., Koshelev A.V. & Fedotov A.A. Justification of parameters of excavation and loading equipment for outpacing excavation of coal seams at opencast mines. Ugol, 2022, (S12), pp. 82-87. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2022-S12-82-87.

Paper info

Received November 1, 2022

Reviewed November 15, 2022

Accepted November 30, 2022